construction is to be finished end of 2014 and begin of 2015 at the Baltic port of Swinoujscie with an investment cost of about $977.2 million and a capacity of about 5 billion cubic metres of gas per annum, expandable to 7.5 billion. First cargo sourced from Qatari liquefied natural gas (LNG) to cut reliance on Russian gas imports which stand around 70% of annual gas consumption ~ 16 billion cubic metres. Since 2009, Russia supplied 91 percent of Poland’s gas, Poland has doubled the capacity of a pipeline link with Germany and built a new link to the Czech Republic.
Under an agreement signed in 2009, Poland’s state-controlled gas distributor PGNiG PGN.WA will buy 1 million tonnes of LNG annually from Qatargas, the world’s biggest LNG exporter, for 20 years at a price linked to crude oil.
The “take-or-pay contract” requires PGNiG to begin paying for LNG whether the terminal is ready or not. Delays in building the facility have led Poland to negotiate with Qatargas over ways to avoid having to make payments without receiving any gas. ($1 = 3.0700 Polish Zlotys)